关注微信领¥50

              百门课程¥0元


              80万+已关注

              2019年6月英语四级真题答案及解析完整版

              2019-06-24 14:13:30来源:新东方在线

              ??  新东方在线英语四级频道考后发布2019年6月英语四级真题答案及解析完整版,同时新东方实力师资团队将对英语四级真题答案做权威解析,免费领取【大学英语四级真题解析】课程。更多2019年6月英语四级听力真题答案、英语四级作文真题范文、英语四级阅读真题答案、英语四级翻译真题答案,请查看2019年6月英语四级真题答案解析专题。预祝大家高分通过大学英语四级考试!

              2019年6月英语四级真题及答案大汇总
              题型


                写作部分:

                For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a news report to your campus newspaper on a volunteer activity organized by your Student Union to assist elderly people in the neighborhood. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words.

                参考作文:

                Honor falls on us to take part in the activity on assisting the elderly by the Student Union in the neighborhood from June 1st to June 14th . And great success was scored during the activity.

                There was many a procedure in the activity from which both the senior and students benefit a lot. In the first place, dances were presented to the elderly of which so fond were they that they were immersed in it during the whole process. In the second place, we cleaned their houses from top to bottom, getting rid of the dirt accumulated for years and giving a brand-new environment to them.

                From this activity, not only did we experience the hardship that the elderly is faced with, but also learn about the significance of respecting the elderly and loving the young.

                解析:

                这是一篇非典型的应用文文体中的新闻报道题材,要求学生在校报上写一篇关于帮助老年人的志愿者活动。根据题目要求,可确定文章的结构如下:

                第一段:进行总体的介绍此次活动;

                第二段:通过引用两个具体的事项对活动进行介绍;

                第三段:总结从活动中获得的收获。

                听力部分:

                News report 1

                A 9-year-old central California boy braved strong currents and cold water to swim from San Francisco to Alktrask Island and back. A California television station Enfresno, reported Tuesday that Jim Savage, set a record as the youngest swimmer to make the journey to the former prison. The TV station reported that by completing the swim, the fourth grade student from Losbanios broke a record previously held by a 10-year-old boy. Jim said that waves in the San Francisco Bay hitting him in the face 30 minutes into this swim, made him want to give up. His father said, he had offered his son 100 dollars as a reward. To encourage his struggling son, he doubled it to 200 dollars. James pushed forward, making it to Alktrask Island and back in a little more than 2 hours. Alktrask is over a mile from the mainland.

                1. What did the boy from central California do according to report?

                He set a record by swimming to and from an island

                解析:主旨题,新闻第一句话,所听?#27492;?#24471;。

                2. What did the father do to encourage his son?

                He doubled the reward

                解析?#21512;?#33410;题,新闻倒数第二句话,所听?#27492;?#24471;。

                News report 2

                On the first January,new regulations were coming to a fact which eliminated an annual leave bonus for people who put off marriage until the age of 23 for women and 25 for men, the South China morning post reports. The holiday bonus was to design to encourage young people to delay getting married, in lines with China’s one-child policy, but with the policy now been abolished, this holiday incentive is no longer necessary. The government says. In shanghai, the young couple at the registration office told the paper that they decided to register their marriage as soon as possible to take advantage of the existing policy. Because an extra holiday was a big deal for them. In Beijing, one registration office had about 300 couples seeking to get married the day after the changes were announced. Rather than the usual number, often between 70 and 80, but one lawyer tell the paper the changes still have to be adopted by local governments and this procedures take time, so people who are rushing for a marriage can relax

                3. What was purpose of the annual leave bonus of China?

                To encourage the late marriage

                解析?#21512;?#33410;题,新闻第二句话,delay 替换 late。

                4. What do we learn about the new regulations?

                they will not come into immediate effect

                解析:理解题,新闻最后一句:take time表示还需花费时间,与答案中的不会立刻生效同义。

                New report 3

                Everyone loves a good house party, but the cleaning up in the next morning isn’t as enjoyable. Now however, a New Zealand based startup company aims to bring messy homes and even splitting headaches back to normal. The properly named startup Morning After Maids, was launched about 1 month ago in Auckland by room-maids Rebecca Folly and Catherine Ashers. Aside from cleaning up, the two will also cook breakfast and even get coffee and painkillers for recovering merrymakers. Although they are both gainfully employed, they did cleaning jobs into their nights and weekends which is when their service is in most demand anyway. Besides being flatted with request from across the country, Folly and Ashers have also received request from the US and Canada to provide the services there, they are reportedly meeting with lawyers to see how best to take the business forward

                5. what is the news report mainly about?

                a new company to clean up the mess after parties

                解析:主旨题,新闻第二句,视听一致。

                6. what is the common problem of the house party?

                it leaves the house in a mess

                解析:理解题,文章全文内容都是收拾聚会后的凌乱,因此leave the house in a mess,将?#32771;?#21464;得很乱是同样的意思。

                7. what are Rebecca Folly and Catherin Ashish planning to do?

                Expand their business

                解析?#21512;?#33410;题,新闻最后一句:take the business forward 与 expand their business 都表示扩展业务。

                Long Conversation 1

                W: Carl, how did your driver’s theory exam go? It was yesterday, right?

                M: Yes, I’ve prepared as much as I could. But I was so nervous since it was my second trial. The people who worked at the test center were very kind though. We had a little conversation which calmed me down a bit, and that was just what I needed. Then, after the exam, they printed out my result. But I was afraid to open it until I was outside. I was such a relief that I passed.

                W: Congratulations! I knew you could do it. I think you underestimated how difficult it would be the first time, didn’t you? I hear a lot of people make that mistake and go in underprepared. But good job in passing the second time. I’m so proud of you. Now, all you have to do next is your road test. Have you had any lessons yet?

                M: Yes, thanks. I’m so happy to be actually on the road now. I’ve only had two driving lessons so far, and my instructor is very understanding. So,

                I’m really enjoying it. I can’t wait for my next session. Although the lessons are rather expensive. 20 pounds an hour, and the instructor says I’ll need above 30—40 lessons in total, that’s what? 6—8 hundred pounds. So, this time, I’ll need to make a lot more effort, and hopefully, I’ll be successful the first time.

                W: Well, good luck.

                8. What did the man do yesterday?

                he took the driver’s theory exam

                解析:主旨题。长对话第一句,开篇点题,视听一致。

                9. Why did he fail the exam the first time?

                He was not well prepared

                解析?#21512;?#33410;题,单词同义替换. woman第二段中提到的underprepared 与 not well prepared 都表示没有好好准备。

                10. What does the man say about his driving lessons?

                They are costly

                解析?#21512;?#33410;题,单词同义替换。man第二段中后部,expensive 与 costly 都表示昂贵的。

                11. What does the man hope to do next?

                Pass his road test the first time

                解析?#21512;?#33410;题,单词同义替换。successful the first time 与 pass the test first time,在文中都表示一次通过考试。

                Long Conversation 2

                M: Emma, I’ve got accepted to the university of Leads. Since you’re going to university in England, do you know how much it is for international students to study there?

                W: Congratulations. Yes, I believe for international students, you’ll have to pay around 13,000 pounds a year, it’s just a bit more than the local students.

                M: OK, that’s about 17,000 dollars for the tuition and fees. Anyway, I’m only going to be there for a year, doing my masters. So it’s pretty good. If I stayed in the U.S., it’d take 2 years, and cost at least 50,000 dollars in tuition alone. Also, I have a good chance of winning a scholarship at Leads, which would be pretty awesome, the benefit of being a music genius.

                W: Yeah, I heard you are a talented piano player. So you are doing a postgraduate degree now? I’m still in my last year, graduating next June. Finally, I’ll be done with my studies, and could go on to earning lots of money.

                M: Are you still planning on being a teacher? No money at that job then.

                W: You’d be surprised, I’m still going to be a teacher. But the plan is to work at an international school overseas, after I get a year or so experience in England. It’s better paid, and I get to travel, which reminds me I’m late for my class, and I’ve got some documents I need to print out first. I’ve got to run.

                12. What does the man want to know?

                Lead‘s tuition for international students

                解析:主旨题,对话第一句,视听一致。

                13. What is the man going to do?

                Apply to Leads university

                解析:理解题,man第二段,总体描述了申请leads university的好处,并对比了美国学校的高昂费用。因此最后选择申请leads university。

                14. What might qualify the man for a scholarship at the leads university?

                his outstanding musical talent

                解析?#21512;?#33410;题,单词同义替换,musical talent 和 music genius 都表示音乐天赋。

                15. What is the woman planning to do after graduation?

                Teach overseas

                解析:视听一致,woman的最后一段,international school overseas 表示国外学校。

                Passage 1

                Scientists have identified thousands of known ants species around the world. And only a few of them bug humans. Most. ants live in the woods, or out in nature. There, they keep other creatures in check, distribute seeds, and clean dead and decaying materials from the ground. A very small percentage of ants do harm to humans. But those are incredibly challenging to control. They are small enough to easily slip inside your house. Live in colonies that number in the tens of thousands to the hundreds of thousands, and reproduce quickly. That makes them good at getting in, and hard to kick out. Once they settle in, these insects start affecting your home. In addition to barging ants, other species can cause different kinds of damage. Some, like carpenter ants, can undermine a home structure, while others interfere with the electrical units. Unfortunately, our homes are very attractive to ants, because it provides everything the colony needs to survive, such as food, water, and shelter. So, how can we prevent ants from getting into our homes? Most important of all, avoid giving ants any access to food, particularly sugary food, because ants have a sweet tooth. We also need to clean up spills as soon as they occur, and store food in air-tight containers. Even garbage attracts ants, so empty your trash as often as possible. And store your outside garbage in a lidded can, while away from doors and windows.

                16. What does the passage say about ants?

                Only a few species cause damage to people’s homes

                解析:主旨题,开篇第二句,视听一致。

                17. What do we learn from the passage about carpenter ants?

                They can cause damage to people homes

                解析?#21512;?#33410;题,文章中部,undermine a home 与 damage home 都表示破坏家庭。

                18. What can we do to prevent ants from getting into our homes?

                Deny them access to any food

                解析?#21512;?#33410;题,文章中后部,视听一致。

                Passage 2

                My research focus is on what happens to our immune system as we age. So the job of the immune system is to fight infections. It also protects us from viruses and from autoimmune diseases. We know that as we get older, it's easier for us to get affections. So older adults have more chances of falling ill. This is evidence that our immune system really doesn't function so well when we age. In most of our work, when we were looking at older adults who’ve got an illness, we always have to have health controls. So we work very closely with a great group of volunteers called

                the One Thousand Elders, these volunteers are all 65 or over, but in good health. They come to the university to provide us with blood samples to be interviewed and to help us to carry out a whole range of research. The real impact of our research is going to be on health in old age. At the moment, we are living much longer. Life expectancy is increasing at 2 years for every decade, that means an extra 5 hours a day. I want to make sure that older adults are still able to enjoy their old age, and that they are not spending time in hospital with infection. Felling unwell and being generally weak we want people to be healthy even when they are old.

                19. What is the focus of the speaker’s research?

                the change in people’s immune system as they get older

                解析:主旨题,文章首句,视听一致.且older一词文章整体反复出现。

                20. What are the volunteers are asked to do in the research?

                Offer blood samples

                解析?#21512;?#33410;题,文章中部,视听一致。

                21. What does the speaker say will be the impact of his research?

                helping improve old people’s health conditions

                解析:理解题,want old people to be healthy 与题目中 improve old people’s health conditions 同义。

                Passage 3

                When Ted Komada started teaching 14 years ago at Kilip Elementary, he didn’t know how to manage a classroom and was struggling to connect with students, he noticed a couple of days after school that a group of kid would get together to play chess. “I know how to play chess, let me go and show these kids how to do it,” he said. Now, Komada coaches the school’s chess team. The whole program started as a safe place for kids to come after school. And this week, dozens of those students are getting ready to head out to Nashville Tennessee to compete with about 5000 other young people at the Super Nationals of Chess. The competition only happens every four years, and the last time the team went, they won the third place in the nation. Komada says Chess gives him and his students control. The school has the highest number of kids from low-income families. Police frequent the area day and night. As 2 months ago, a young man was shot just down the street. Komada likes to teach his students that they should think about their move before they do it. The lessons proved valuable outside the classroom as well. Many parents see these lessons translate into the real world. Students are more likely to think about their actions and see whether they will lead to trouble.

                22. What did Ted Komada notice one day after he started teaching at Kilip Elementary?

                A group of kids are playing chess after school

                解析:视听一致,文章第一句末尾。

                23. What are dozens of students from Komada’s school going to do this week?

                Participate in a national chess competition

                解析:理解题,需听懂大意。文章中部,孩?#29992;?#21442;加四年一次的象棋大赛,并说上一?#31283;?#24471;全国第三。结合起来就是参加了全国象棋大赛。

                24. What do we learn about the students of Kilip Elementary?

                most of them come from low income families

                解析:视听一致,文章中后部,所听?#27492;?#24471;。

                25. What have the students learned from Komada?

                Think twice before taking actions

                解析?#21512;?#33410;题,文章末尾,think about their move before they do it 和 think twice before taking actions 是同一个意思。

                等级:B级

                评语:内容上,解析太笼统,不够具体,很多地方都是用“视听一致?#38381;?#31181;笼统的词。没有解释问题问什么,如何根据关键词定位,定位到哪一句?#21462;?#26684;式上,符合要求。

                2019年6月四级第一?#33258;?#35835;解析

                做题思路:划分词性,瞻前顾后

                【答案】GMALCNJOIE

                26.名?#26102;?#25252;海洋生物故选G

                27.动词+ed was前动词需变形,A300的出现是积极向上的好事,且后半句线索harmful environment因此要去除对环境有害的影响,故选M。

                28.动?#35797;?#24418; will 后面动?#35797;?#24418;,后半句有hope new等词汇,故选A

                29.动词+s plane 为主语三单?#38382;劍?#20027;谓一致,配合动词加s,该句为描述A300外貌特征,故选L。

                30.副词 will be 之间成分不残?#20445;?#22240;此填副词,故选C。

                31.名词 plane’s 的()填名词,故选N。

                32名词后面有through 因此填名词,前半句线索100,000,与钱相关,故选J。

                33.名词 the 后填名词,后文线索deadly terrorist attack,故选O。

                34.副词修饰?#31283;?#35789;sunk,因此填副词,故选I。

                35.动词+ing and 表并?#26657;?#20026;与taking并?#26657;?#39035;填动词+ing, taking a trip and 探索inside,故选E。

                Section C Passage 1

                【答案】CDBDC

                【详解】

                46.What does the project Writing On It All invite people to do?

                【解析】细节题考察?#22797;?#35789;的理解。根据关键词Writing On It All定位到第二段,可以得知这个项目叫做Writing On It All,出现?#22797;?#35789;“这”应寻找上文,答案从第一段中获取。第一段第二句以but作文重要关键连词,并有破折号从中得出答案必然出现在第二句话中。从第二句中定位关键词invite准确定位,选项中cover the wall与句中all over the wall, graffiti 与write 同义替换, old house 与old house原词复现,故选 C。

                47.What do we learn about the participants in the project?

                【解析】该题?#35838;?#25512;断题,考察细节比对。通过关键词participants定位到第三段第一句,pass -by 原词复现,送分题,故选D。

                48.What did the project participants do during the 2016 season?

                【解析】该题?#35838;?#32454;节题。根据关键词the 2016 season,participants定位至第四段第二?#26657;?#36873;项中theme of each session与each session has a them虽调整表达顺序但属于原词复现,express their thought in graffiti 与cover surfaces with their thoughts and art中thought同义复现,故选B。

                49. What kind of place is Governor’s island?

                【解析】该题?#35838;?#32454;节题。根据关键词Governor’s island定位到第五段第一?#26657;?#38382;题为Governor’s island是个什么样的城?#26657;?#23545;于Governor’s island进行细节性的查找,根据选项进行返回看原文的策略。选项A 对应historic 但是未提及吸引游客和艺术家。B选项中出现only绝对词,同时未提及vehicle C 选项中的exile定位到第四段,定位不符,故不选。D选项根据open定位到第五段第三?#26657;?#28216;客可以参与festivals, picnics, adventure, legal graffiti 以及art scribbled on the wall 都可以,所以综合来看用D选项综合整理为enjoy themselves,做他们想做的并且玩得愉快。故选D。

                50.What does Chasin say about the project?

                【解析】根据关键词Chasin可定位到最后段最后一句,“People do beautiful work and leave beautiful messages”为正向内容,人们作出了美好的作品,留下了美好的信息,选项D中beautiful message 与meaningful同义替换,故选D。

                Passage 2

                【答案】ACCBD

                51.What does the recent study say about online CBT programs?

                【解析】该题?#35838;?#32454;节题。根据关键词recent study定位到第一段第二?#26657;?#36873;项C中出现可能词may,同时原文they are not effective, because depressed patients are not likely to engage with them or stick with them对应选项patients may not be able to carry them through for effective cure, 故选 A。

                52.What has made online CBT programs increasingly popular?

                【解析】该题?#35838;?#32454;节题。根据关键词increasingly popular定位至第三段。其中出现重要转折关联词However,online CBT programs has been gaining popularity, with the attraction of providing low-cost help对应选项中inexpensive。故选C。

                53.What is the major finding by researchers at the University of York?

                【解析】该题?#35838;?#32454;节题。根据关键词major finding 和University of York定位到第四段,但发现第四段均为研究过程,第五段为研究结果。文中提到the patients using the computerized CBT programs had no improvement in depression of levels over the patients使用电脑CBT无效果因此要相结合,本题属于反向思维,传统与电脑衔相结合。故选C。

                54. What Professor Dowrick’s advice concerning online CBT programs?

                【解析】该题?#35838;?#32454;节题。根据关键词Professor Dowrick’s advice定位到第六段第一?#26657;瑂houldn’t get to carry away with the idea that a computer system can replace doctors and therapists本题目的主体为CBT programs,因此与their effectiveness should not be overestimated对应。故选B。

                55.What is more important to an emotionally vulnerable person?

                【解析】该题?#35838;?#32454;节题。根据关键词 emotionally vulnerable person可定位到最后段倒数第二?#26657;皔ou even need of a caring human being”与选项D中human同词复现。故选D。

                第三套卷子长篇阅读

                How Work Will Change When Most of Us Live to 100

                A) Today in the United States there are 72,000 centenarians(百岁老人). Worldwide, probably 450,000.If current trends continue, then by 2050 there will be more than a million in the US alone. According to the work of Professor James Vaupel and his co-researchers, 50% of babies born in the US in 2007 have a life expectancy of 104 or more. Broadly the same holds for the UK, Germany, France, Italy and Canada, and for Japan 50% of 2007 babies can expect to live to 107.

                B) Understandably, there are concerns about what this means for public finances given the associated health and pension challenges. These challenges are real, and society urgently needs to address them. But it is also important to look at the wider picture of what happen when so many people live for 100 years, It is a mistake to simply equate longevity(长寿) with issues of old age. Longer lives have implications for all of life, not just the end of it.

                C) Our view is that if many people are living for longer, and are healthier for longer, then will result in an inevitable redesign of work and life. When people live longer, they are not only older for longer, but also younger for longer. There is some truth in the saying that “70 is the new 60” or “40 the new 30.” If you age more slowly over a longer time period, then you are in some sense younger for longer.

                D) But the changes go further than that. Take, for instance, the age at which people make commitments such as buying a house, getting married, having children, or starting a career. These are all fundamental commitments that are now occurring later in life. In 1962, 50% of Americans were married by age 21. By 2014,that milestone(里程碑) had shifted to age 29.

                E) While there are numerous factors behind these shifts, one factor is surely a growing realization for the young that they are going to live longer. Options are more valuable the Longer they can be held. So, if you believe you will live longer, then options become more valuable, and early commitment becomes less attractive. The result is that commitments that previously characterized the beginning of adulthood are now being delayed, and new patterns of behavior and a new stage of life are emerging for those in their twenties.

                F) Longevity also pushes back the age of retirement and only for financial reasons .Yes, unless people are prepared to save a lot more, our calculations suggest that if you are now in your mid-40s,then you are likely to work until your early 70s,and if you are in your early 20s,there is a real chance you will need to work until your late 70s or possibly even into your 80s.But even if people are able to economically support a retirement at 65,over thirty years of potential inactivity is harmful to cognitive(?#29616;?#30340;) and emotional vitality. Many people may simply not want to do it.

                G) And yet that does not mean that simply extending our careers is appealing. Just lengthening that second stage of full-time work may secure the financial assets needed for a 100-year life,but such persistent work will inevitably exhaust previous intangible assets such as productive skills, vitality, happiness and friendship.

                H) The same is true for education. It is impossible that a single shot of education, administered in childhood and early adulthood, will be able to support a sustained,60-year career. If you factor in the projected rates of technological change, either your skills become unnecessary, or your industry outdated. That means that everyone will, at some point in their life, have to make a number of major reinvestments in their skills.

                I) It seems likely, then, that the traditional three-stage life will evolve into multiple stages containing two, three, or even more different careers. Each of these stages could potentially be different. In one the focus could be on building financial success and personal achievement, in another on creating a better work/life balance, still another on exploring and understanding options more fully, or becoming an independent producer, yet another on making a social contribution. These stages will span sectors, take people to different cities, and provide a foundation for building a wide variety of skills.

                J)Transition between stages could be marked with sabbatical(休假) as people find time to rest and recharge their health, re-invest in their relationships, or improve their skills. At times these breaks and transitions will be self-determined, at others they will be forced as existing roles, firms, or industries cease to exist.

                K) A multi-stage life will have profound changes not just in how you manage your career, but also in your approach to life. An increasingly important skill will be your ability to deal with change and even welcome it. A three-stage life has few transitions, while a multi-stage life has many. That is why being self-aware, investing in broader networks of friends, and being open to new ideas will become even more crucial skills.

                L) These multi-stage lives will create extraordinary variety across groups of people simply because there are so many ways of sequencing the stages. More stages mean more possible sequences.

                M) With the variety will come the end of the close association of age and stage. In a three-stage life, people leave university at the same time and the same stage, they tend to start their careers and family at the same age, they proceed through middle management all roughly the same time, and then move into retirement within a few years of each other. In a multi-stage life, you could be an undergraduate at 20, 40, or 60; a manager at 30, 50, or 70; and become an independent producer at any age.

                N) Current life structures, career paths, educational choices, and social norms are out of tune with the emerging reality of longer lifespans. The three-stage life of full-time education, followed by continuous work, and then complete retirement may have worked for our parents or even grandparents, but it is not relevant today. We believe that to focus on longevity as primarily an issue of aging is to miss its full implications. Longevity is not necessarily about being older for longer. It is about living longer, being older later, and being younger longer.

                36. An extended lifespan in the future will allow people to have morecareers than now.

                I) It seems likely, then, that the traditional three-stage life will evolve into multiple stages containing two, three, or even more different careers. Each of these stages could potentially be different. In one the focus could be on building financial success and personal achievement, in another on creating a better work/life balance, still another on exploring and understanding options more fully, or becoming an independent producer, yet another on making a social contribution. These stages will span sectors, take people to different cities, and provide a foundation for building a wide variety of skills.

                解析:two, three, or even more different careers与morecareers对应,morecareers为概括?#24471;鰲?/p>

                37. Just extending one’s careermay have both positive and negative effects.

                G) And yet that does not mean that simply extending our careers is appealing. Just lengthening that second stage of full-time work maysecure the financial assets needed for a 100-year life,but such persistent work will inevitably exhaust previous intangible assets such as productive skills, vitality, happiness and friendship.

                解析:positive and negative effects总结maysecure the financial assets(积极)与inevitably exhaust previous intangible assets(消极)。

                38. Nowadays, many Americans have on average delayed their marriage by some eight years.

                D) But the changes go further than that. Take, for instance, the age at which people make commitments such as buying a house, getting married, having children, or starting a career. These are all fundamental commitments that are now occurring later in life. In 1962, 50% of Americans were married by age 21. By 2014,that milestone(里程碑) had shifted to age 29.

                解析:Nowadays与nowmarriage同义替换marriage转变词性married, 21+8=29

                39. Because of their longer lifespan, young people todayno longer follow the pattern of life of their parents or grandparents.

                N) Current life structures, career paths, educational choices, and social norms are out of tune with the emerging reality of longer lifespans. The three-stage life of full-time education, followed by continuous work, and then complete retirement may have worked for our parents or even grandparents, but it is not relevant today. We believe that to focus on longevity as primarily an issue of aging is to miss its full implications. Longevity is not necessarily about being older for longer. It is about living longer, being older later, and being younger longer.

                40. Many more people will be expected to live over 100 by the mid-21st century.

                A) Today in the United States there are 72,000 centenarians(百岁老人). Worldwide, probably 450,000.If current trends continue, then by 2050 there will be more than a million in the US alone. According to the work of Professor James Vaupel and his co-researchers, 50% of babies born in the US in 2007 have a life expectancy of 104 or more. Broadly the same holds for the UK, Germany, France, Italy and Canada, and for Japan 50% of 2007 babies can expect to live to 107.

                解析:live over 100与centenarians(百岁老人) mid-21st century.与2050同义替换

                41. K) A multi-stage life will have profound changes not just in how you manage your career, but also in your approach to life. An increasingly important skill will be your ability to deal with change and even welcome it. A three-stage life has few transitions, while a multi-stage life has many. That is why being self-aware, investing in broader networks of friends, and being open to new ideas will become even more crucial skills.

                42. Fast technological change makes it necessary for me to constantly upgrade their skills.

                H) The same is true for education. It is impossible that a single shot of education, administered in childhood and early adulthood, will be able to support a sustained,60-year career. If you factor in the projected rates of technological change, either your skills become unnecessary, or your industry outdated. That means that everyone will, at some point in their life, have to make a number of major reinvestments in their skills.

                解析:Upgrade与outdated 反向思维

                43. Many people may not want to retire early because it would do harm to their mental and emotional well-being

                F) Longevity also pushes back the age of retirement and only for financial reasons .Yes, unless people are prepared to save a lot more, our calculations suggest that if you are now in your mid-40s,then you are likely to work until your early 70s,and if you are in your early 20s,there is a real chance you will need to work until your late 70s or possibly even into your 80s.But even if people are able to economically support a retirement at 65,over thirty years of potential inactivity is harmful to cognitive(?#29616;?#30340;) and emotional vitality. Many people may simply not want to do it.

                44. The close link between age and stage may cease to exist in a multi-stage life

                M) With the variety will come the end of the close association of age and stage. In a three-stage life, people leave university at the same time and the same stage, they tend to start their careers and family at the same age, they proceed through middle management all roughly the same time, and then move into retirement within a few years of each other. In a multi-stage life, you could be an undergraduate at 20, 40, or 60; a manager at 30, 50, or 70; and become an independent producer at any age.

                解析:Retirement 与cease to exist同义替换

                45. People living a longer and healthier life will have to rearrange their work and life

                C) Our view is that if many people are living for longer, and are healthier for longer, then will result in an inevitable redesign of work and life. When people live longer, they are not only older for longer, but also younger for longer. There is some truth in the saying that “70 is the new 60” or “40 the new 30.” If you age more slowly over a longer time period, then you are in some sense younger for longer.

                翻译部分:

                剪纸是中国民间艺术的一种独特?#38382;劍?#24050;有2000多年历史。剪纸很可能源于汉代,继纸张发明之后。从此,它在中国的许多地方得到了普及。剪纸用的材料和工具很简单:纸?#22270;?#20992;。剪纸作品通常是用红纸做成的,因为红色在中国传统文化中与幸福相联。因此,在婚礼、春节等喜庆场合,红颜色的剪纸是门窗装饰的首选。

                参考译文:

                Paper cutting is a unique form of Chinese folk art with a history of more than 2,000 years. Paper cutting probably originated in the Han dynasty, following the invention of paper. Since then, it has gained popularity in many parts of China. The materials and tools for paper cutting are simple: paper and scissors. Paper cutting are usually made of red paper, because red is associated with happiness in traditional Chinese culture. Therefore, in the wedding, the Spring Festival and other festival occasions, red paper cutting is the first choice for door and window decoration.

                1.第一句为文化主题典型例句,“是”?#24535;洌?#20854;中“独特的”是四级考点词汇必须掌握“unique?#20445;?“民间艺术”是专有名词,“folk art”; 已有多少年历史,为 has a history of ; 这里是两个句子两个动词,所以第一步简单句的翻译方法为:Paper cutting is a unique form of Chinese folk art. It has a history of more than 2,000 years. 我们说翻译的第一句很重要,想要拿高分首先简单句翻译正确,三态一否正确,其次两句合成一句,第一种合法:用and。第二?#30452;?#25104;伴随状语,with。

                2.第二句考察了“起源?#38381;?#20010;词的动词用法,“originate”; 汉朝的专有名词的翻译以及“继?#38381;?#20010;动?#35797;?#20040;翻译。第二句要注意时态,都是过去时,已经发生了的事情。“继?#38381;?#20010;词完全可以用after?#27492;得鰲?/p>

                3.第三句考察了“流行?#25512;?#21450;?#20445;琱as become popular, gain popularity, be popular, spread overd都可以;平时练习中都有涉及。

                4.第四句简单句,主系表结构,考察翻译词汇“材料?#20445;?#29983;活常用词“剪刀?#20445;?#20272;计这两个词汇很多学生不会。

                5.第五句原因状语从句,“与…相联?#20445;?#22823;多数同学会翻译成is related to, has the relationship with; 或者平时我们讲过的象征了,代表了,symbolize;句意表达正?#33539;?#21487;以。

                6.最后一句,考点翻译词汇专有名词“婚礼?#34180;?#26149;节”等喜庆场合,动词和名词“装饰?#34180;?#21477;型同学们都很熟悉,曾经练习过类似句子,is the first choice for.

                灯笼部分:

                灯笼起源于东?#28023;?#26368;初主要用于照明。在唐代,人们用红灯笼来庆祝稳定的生活。从那时起,灯笼在中国的许多地方变得流行起来。灯笼,通常由彩色薄纸制成,有各?#20013;?#29366;和大小。在中国传统文化中,红灯笼象征着生活和商业的?#27604;伲?#36890;常在春节、元宵节和国庆节期间悬挂。今天,红灯笼在世界上的许多地方都可以看到。

                参考译文:

                Lanterns, originated in the Eastern Han Dynasty, were used mostly for lighting at first. In the Tang Dynasty, people used red lanterns to celebrate a stable life. Since then, lanterns have become popular in many parts of China. Lanterns, usually made of colorful thin paper, come in various shapes and sizes. In traditional Chinese culture, red lanterns symbolize the prosperity of life and business, usually hanging during the Spring Festival, Lantern Festival and National Day. Today, red lanterns can be seen in many other parts of the world.

                1.第一句为文化主题典型例句,起源于….; 考察了“起源?#38381;?#20010;词的动词用法,“originate”; 东汉的专有名词的翻译;最初用于…;be used for ; 并且是被动语态,过去时态。这里是两个动词两个句子,所以第一步简单句的翻译方法为:Lanterns were originated in the Eastern Han Dynasty. Lanterns were used mostly for lighting at first. 我们说翻译的第一句很重要,想要拿高分首先简单句翻译正确,三态一否正确,其次两句合成一句,第一种合法:用and。第二种非谓语动词,或者同位语以及从句的翻译方法。

                2.第二句比较简单,主谓宾结构,use sth to do sth. 另外注意过去时。“稳定的?#38381;?#20010;词汇的表达。

                3.第三句从那时起, since then ; “流行?#25512;?#21450;?#20445;琱as become popular, gain popularity, be popular, spread over都可以;平时练习中都有涉及。

                4.第四句简单句,由…制成, be made of,考察翻译词汇“薄纸?#20445;?#29983;活常用词“形状和大小?#34180;?/p>

                5.第五句文化类主题典型句式,象征了,代表了,symbolize;专有名词:春节、元宵节和国庆节。这些最主要的节日通常要求同学们都?#19988;?#36807;。

                6.最后一句,翻译过类似句式,“到处可见,随处都有。”最简单的翻译方法就是can be seen in 。

                舞狮部分:

                舞狮作为中国传统民间表演已有两千多年的历史。在舞狮表演中,两个表演者穿着狮子服装,一个舞头,另一个则舞狮子的身体和尾巴。他们互相碰撞,模仿狮子的各种动作。狮子是兽中之王,象征着幸福和好运,所以人们通常在春节?#25512;?#20182;节日表演舞狮。舞狮?#37096;?#33021;出现在其他重要场合,如商店开业和婚礼仪式,往往吸引许多人观看。

                参考译文:

                Lion dance as the Chinese traditional folk performance has more than 2,000 years of history. In the lion dance, the two performers wear a lion suit, one dancing the head and the other dancing the body and tail. They clink with each other and imitate the various movements of the lion. The lion is king of the beast, symbolizing happiness and good luck, so people usually perform lion dance during the Spring Festival and other festivals. Lion dances may also appear on other important occasions, such as store opening and wedding ceremonies, which often attract many people to watch.

                1.第一句为文化主题典型例句,作为,视为,be regarded as ; as的用法;已有多少年历史,为 has a history of ; 专有名词“舞狮?#34180;?#35813;句是两个动词两个句子,所以第一步简单句的翻译方法为:Lion dance is regarded as the Chinese traditional folk performance. It has more than 2,000 years of history.我们说翻译的第一句很重要,想要拿高分首先简单句翻译正确,三态一否正确,其次两句合成一句,第一种合法:用and。第二?#30452;?#21160;词,非谓语,同位语,或者从句。

                2.第二句是描述性的句子,并且是多动句,翻译?#35759;?#27604;较大,另外估计“尾巴”不常用的词汇很多同学不会。在…中,翻译成状语,主句是过去时态“穿着?#20445;?#21160;?#35797;?#24418;是wear,过去式wore,过去分词worn. 特殊变化,要注意。

                3.第三句他们互相碰撞,模仿狮子的各种动作。描述动作的语言,主谓宾结构,They clink with each other and imitate the various movements of the lion. “碰撞和模仿?#38381;?#20004;个动?#35797;?#35745;很多同学不会翻译。

                4. 第四句文化类主题典型句式,是?#24535;洌?#20027;系表结构;其次是象征了,代表了,symbolize;专有名词“兽?#34180;?#24184;福?#34180;?#22909;运?#34180;?#26149;节?#25512;?#20182;节日”;也是多动句,用非谓语symbolizing.

                5. 最后一句重点考察了句式?#37096;?#33021;出现,may also appear on /served in /worked in other important occasions; such as 举例子,同位语。专有名词商场开业,婚礼仪式,考点词汇吸引。

              更多内容请查看【2019年6月英语四级真题答案解析】专题

              2019年6月英语四级真题答案解析专题

              扫码关注新东方在线服务号

              扫码关注新东方在线服务号

              >>四级答案这里最全


              本文关键字: 英语四级 真题解析

              为你特别匹配的四级精品课程,快速提分先人一步!
              • 大学英语四级暑期全程班【2019年12月】

                大学英语四级暑期全程班【2019年12月】

                主讲?#21644;?#27743;涛、李旭、田静、董仲蠡、刘畅、刘琦、潘赟、李卓然

                课时:130小时

                查看详情
              • 大学英语四六级真题解析【2019.06】

                大学英语四六级真题解析【2019.06】

                限报人数:30000人

                课时:2

                查看详情
              • 四六级考前抢分终极预测

                四六级考前抢分终极预测

                优惠:0元抢课

                课时:4

                查看详情
              • 四六级冲刺抢救班

                四六级冲刺抢救班

                优惠:0元抢课

                课时:5

                查看详情
              • 过级必看:60天如何降服四六级?

                过级必看:60天如何降服四六级?

                优惠:0元抢课

                课时:5

                查看详情
              全部课程>>
              更多>>
              更多内容
              更多>>
              • 5月13日-7月31日19:00

                一招告别四六级写译神句式

                四六级写作翻译句式简单老套写不出新意?不存在的!考前?#26412;?#32763;译写作句式,轻松俘获考官芳心!免费领课~

                价格 : ¥1元

                限报人数:20000人

                免费领取
              更多公开课>>
              更多>>
              更多课程>>
              黑龙江时时彩开奖官网

                      
                      

                                  
                                  

                                      搞笑斑马怎么玩 奇才vs灰熊 香港六合彩特码 nba森林狼vs勇士 网游之王牌战士贴吧 王牌怎么玩 广东36选7基本走势图 2011尼克斯vs湖人 天津十一选五开奖号码 鹿岛鹿角对庆南fc2019